Safeguarding Policy

SAFEGUARDING POLICY & PROCEDURES



This document is for guidance only and professional advice should be obtained before acting on any information contained within it, as no responsibility can be accepted by Maccabi GB or Manchester Maccabi Community and Sports Club, the publisher or distributor as a result of action taken or refrained from in consequence of the contents.


Information has also been taken from KCSIE 2018, and 'Working together 2018’.


Manchester Maccabi Community and Sports Club

Brooklands

Bury Old Road

Prestwich

Manchester

M25 0EG

Tel: 0161 492 0040

http://manchestermaccabi.org.uk



Maccabi GB

Shield House

Harmony Way

Hendon

London

NW4 2BZ

Tel: 020 8457 2333

www.maccabigb.org


Written by: Jessica Overlander-Kaye and Ashley Lerner 2015

Updated by: Jessica Overlander-Kaye 2018

Updated by: Neil Taylor and Robin Watts 2019

Amended: Vikki Goldstein 2019 (for Manchester Maccabi CSC)

Updated: Vikki Goldstein & Sophie Behar 2020 (for Manchester Maccabi CSC)

Amended: Ben Brownson 2021 (MMCSC)     




KEY CONTACTS


Manchester Maccabi Chair of Board

Darryl Lee

07768 635797

Manchester Maccabi Chair of Executive

Kathryn Levy

07974 010424

Manchester Maccabi Centre Manager

Steph Wilks

0161 492 0040


Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer

Suzy Gellman

07528 015163


Maccabi GB Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)

Nathan Servi

020 8457 2333


Hatzola Manchester

0161 795 2727


CST National Emergency Number

0800 032 3263 (24 hr)


Police Emergency Number                    999

Police Non-Emergency Number            

101


Childline                                                

0800 1111

www.childline.org.uk


NSPCC

0808 800 5000

https://www.nspcc.org.uk/




Our Safeguarding Policy demonstrates that we believe the welfare of children and vulnerable adults is paramount in everything we do



Our Safeguarding Statement


Manchester Maccabi has a duty of care to safeguard from harm all children and vulnerable adults that are involved in Manchester Maccabi sporting and non-sporting activities. All children have a right to protection. The needs of children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account.


Manchester Maccabi will ensure the safety and protection of all children and vulnerable adults involved in Manchester Maccabi programmes through adherence to the Safeguarding and Protecting guidelines adopted by Maccabi GB.


A child is anyone under 18 years old and a vulnerable adult is described as a person aged 18 years or over, who is in receipt of or may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness and who is or may be unable to take care of him or herself, or unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation.


This policy focuses on prevention and how Manchester Maccabi should respond once risk of abuse is suspected, or has been identified or disclosed. All sections within Manchester Maccabi have a responsibility to help reduce the risks of children/vulnerable adults being subject to abuse of any kind and must promote best practice and adopt a proactive approach.

This policy has been developed in accordance with the principles established by the Children Acts 1989 and 2004; the Education Act 2002, and in line with government publications: ‘Working Together to Safeguard Children’ 2018, Revised Safeguarding Statutory Guidance 2 ‘Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families’ 2000, ‘‘What to do if You are Worried a Child is Being Abused’ 2015 and Greater Manchester Safeguarding Children Procedures Manual. The guidance reflects the principles in ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ 2015, Keeping it Safe - Safeguarding Standards and Implementation Guidance, National Council for Voluntary Youth Services, 2014.  


Manchester Maccabi believes that:


  • The welfare of the child/vulnerable adult is paramount

  • Safeguarding children and vulnerable adults is everyone’s responsibility

  • All children and vulnerable adults, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse

  • All suspicions and allegations of abuse will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately

  • All individuals (paid/unpaid) associated with Manchester Maccabi have a responsibility to report concerns to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer. 


The Aim


The aim of the Manchester Maccabi Safeguarding Policy is to promote good practice:


  • Providing children and vulnerable adults with appropriate safety and protection whilst in the care of Manchester Maccabi

  • Allowing all staff/volunteers to make informed and confident responses to specific child protection issues



Good Practice Guidelines


All Manchester Maccabi personnel both voluntary and paid, will be encouraged to demonstrate exemplary behaviour when working with young people and vulnerable adults. 



Manchester Maccabi’s Best Practice Guide


  • We will always work in an open environment e.g. avoiding private or unobserved situations and not promising to keep secrets

  • We will treat all young people/vulnerable adults equally and with respect and dignity

  • We will always put the welfare of each child or vulnerable adult first, before winning or achieving goals

  • We will encourage all our personnel to build balanced relationships based on mutual trust which empowers children and vulnerable adults to share in the decision-making process

  • We will ensure that all activities are fun, enjoyable and promote fair play

  • We will keep up to date with the technical skills, qualifications and insurance in sport, education and Safeguarding guidelines

  • We will endeavour to involve parents/carers wherever possible (e.g. for the responsibility of their children in the changing rooms). If groups have to be supervised in the changing rooms, we will always ensure parents/teachers/coaches/officials/youth leaders work in pairs

  • We will ensure that if mixed teams/groups are taken away, they will always be accompanied by a male and female member of staff

  • We will ensure that at tournaments or residential events, adults will not enter participant’s rooms or invite participants into their rooms

  • We will encourage our members of staff to be excellent role models – this includes not smoking or drinking alcohol in the company of young people

  • We will give enthusiastic and constructive feedback rather than negative criticism

  • We will always secure parental consent in writing giving permission for the administration of emergency first aid and/or other medical treatment if the need arises

  • We will keep a written record of any injury that occurs, along with the details of any treatment given

  • We will request written parental consent and insurance if any of our members of staff are required to transport children or vulnerable adults in their cars

  • We will ensure that all our personnel have been DBS checked and, where appropriate, completed a Safeguarding Workshop and know the procedures for disclosure

  • It is policy to ensure that confidentiality is adhered to at all times unless there are immediate concerns for the safety of a child or vulnerable adult.



Types of abuse


The main categories of abuse are listed below, although this is not exhaustive.

Physical abuse – including hitting, slapping, pushing, kicking, misuse of medication, restraint, inappropriate sanctions, and poor moving or handling techniques resulting in injury.

Sexual abuse – including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which a vulnerable adult has not consented, or could not consent or consented to under pressure.

Emotional abuse – including psychological abuse, threats of harm or abandonment, deprivation of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, bullying, intimidation, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse, isolation, or withdrawal of services or supportive networks.

Neglect and acts of omission – including ignoring medical or physical care needs, failure to provide access to  appropriate health, social care or educational services, the withholding of the necessities of life, such as medication, adequate nutrition and heating.

Child Sexual Exploitation


Child sexual exploitation (CSE) involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people receive something (for example food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts, money or in some cases simply affection) as a result of engaging in sexual activities. Sexual exploitation can take many forms ranging from the seemingly ‘consensual’ relationship where sex is exchanged for affection or gifts, to serious organised crime by gangs and groups. What marks out exploitation is an imbalance of power in the relationship. The perpetrator always holds some kind of power over the victim which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Sexual exploitation involves varying degrees of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including unwanted pressure from peers to have sex, sexual bullying including cyberbullying and grooming. However, it also important to recognise that some young people who are being sexually exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse.


Preventing Radicalisation


Protecting children from the risk of radicalisation should be seen as part of an organisations wider safeguarding duties and is similar in nature to protecting children from other forms of harm and abuse. During the process of radicalisation it is possible to intervene to prevent vulnerable people being radicalised.


Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism. There is no single way of identifying an individual who is likely to be susceptible to an extremist ideology. It can happen in many different ways and settings. Specific background factors may contribute to vulnerability which are often combined with specific influences such as family, friends or online, and with specific needs for which an extremist or terrorist group may appear to provide an answer. The internet and the use of social media in particular has become a major factor in the radicalisation of young people. As with managing other safeguarding risks, staff/volunteers should be alert to changes in children’s behaviour which could indicate that they may be in need of help or protection.


 Peer on peer abuse


All individuals should recognise that children are capable of abusing their peers. Manchester Maccabi will take any allegations of peer on peer seriously and act in accordance to KCSIE. The severity of abuse will be dealt with on a case by case basis and what will be taken into consideration are:


  • a clear statement that abuse is abuse and should never be tolerated or passed off as “banter”,

  • “just having a laugh” or “part of growing up”;

  • recognition of the gendered nature of peer on peer abuse (i.e. that it is more likely that girls will be victims and boy’s perpetrators), but that all peer on peer abuse is unacceptable and will be taken seriously; and

  • the different forms peer on peer abuse can take, such as:

  • sexual violence and sexual harassment (departmental advice: here);

  • physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm;

  • sexting: the policy should include the school or college’s approach to it. The department provides searching screening and confiscation advice for schools. The UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) Education Group has recently published sexting advice for schools and colleges; and

  • initiating/hazing type violence and rituals.



Principles of Intervention


Reasonable, informed and calculated risk-taking play an important part in contributing to the quality of life of both young and old; this is a matter of choice, demonstrating an individual’s right of self-determination and autonomy. However, where the health, safety and wellbeing of vulnerable adults is seriously threatened as a result of self-neglect or abuse by others, there is a commitment to make every effort to identify, prevent or minimise such risks. 


It is not the role of Manchester Maccabi to determine if an individual is at risk or be experiencing abuse. The identification, assessment, protection and care of vulnerable adults are a multidisciplinary, inter agency responsibility, which should involve anyone with relevant knowledge or involved in providing support to ensure the safety and well-being of individuals concerned. Manchester Maccabi should work in partnership with statutory agencies.


Where a person appears to be at risk, every reasonable effort will be made to identify the specific problems or dangers. The concerns should be discussed with the individual and also relatives and others providing care and support. Where possible, an agreement should be reached on actions which will reduce the risk to an acceptable level, taking into account the chosen lifestyle of the person concerned. 


Where abuse has been identified it may be necessary to take immediate action to prevent or stop it. This might include ensuring that the alleged abuser no longer has access to the vulnerable person concerned. Where it appears that an offence has been committed against a vulnerable person who is unable to make informed decisions and that person remains in danger of physical harm, the police must be immediately notified.



Practice that will be avoided


Spending excessive amounts of time alone with children or vulnerable adults away from others will be avoided except in emergencies. If cases arise where these situations are unavoidable, they will only occur with the full knowledge and consent of the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer and/or the child or vulnerable adult’s parents or carers. E.g. a child sustains an injury and needs to go to hospital, or a parent fails to arrive to pick a child up at the end of a session.


If any of the following occur, we will ensure that they are reported immediately to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer and the incident is recorded. We will also ensure the parents/carers of the child/vulnerable adult are informed;


  • If we accidentally hurt a young person or vulnerable adult

  • If he/she seems distressed in any manner

  • If a child or vulnerable adult appears to be sexually aroused

  • If a child or vulnerable adult misunderstands or misinterprets something you have done



Practice Never to be sanctioned


The following should never be sanctioned:


  • Engage in rough, physical or sexually provocative games, including horseplay

  • Share a room with a child

  • Allow or engage in any form of inappropriate touching

  • Allow children to use inappropriate language unchallenged

  • Make sexually suggestive comments to a child, even in fun

  • Allow allegations made by a child to go unchallenged, unrecorded or not acted upon

  • Do things of a personal nature for children or disabled adults, that they can do for themselves

  • Invite or allow children to stay with you at your home unsupervised


NB: It may sometimes be necessary for staff or volunteers to do things of a personal nature for children, particularly if they are young or are disabled. These tasks should only be carried out with the full understanding and consent of parents and the participants involved. There is a need to be responsive to a person’s reactions. If a person is fully dependent on you, talk with him/her about what you are doing and give choices where possible. This is particularly so if you are involved in any dressing or undressing of outer clothing, or where there is physical contact, lifting or assisting a child to carry out particular activities. Avoid taking on the responsibility for tasks for which you are not appropriately trained.



Equipment at Events


We will ensure that at all of our events sporting and non-sporting, there will be procedures and guidelines in place to ensure that inappropriate photography and filming does not take place.



Responding to Suspicions or Allegations


It is not the responsibility of anyone working at Manchester Maccabi, in a paid or unpaid capacity, to take responsibility or to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place. However there is a responsibility to act on any concerns through contact with the appropriate authorities.

All suspicions and allegations must be shared with professional agencies that are responsible for Child Protection. If there is any doubt, you must report the incident: it may be just one of a series of other incidents which together cause concern.

Social services have a legal responsibility under The Children’s Act 1989 to investigate all Child Protection referrals by talking to the child and family (where appropriate), gathering information from other people who know the child and making inquiries jointly with the police.

Manchester Maccabi will assure all staff/volunteers that it will fully support and protect anyone, who in good faith, reports his or her concern that a colleague is, or may be, abusing a child.


Where there is a complaint against a member of staff there may be three types of investigation


  • A criminal investigation

  • A Child Protection investigation

  • A disciplinary or misconduct investigation


The results of the police and child protection investigation may well influence the disciplinary investigation, but not necessarily. All suspicions and allegations must be shared with professional agencies that are responsible for Child Protection. If there is any doubt, you must report the incident.


Social services have a legal responsibility under The Children’s Act 1989 to investigate all Child Protection referrals by talking to the child and family (where appropriate), gathering information from other people who know the child and making inquiries jointly with the police.


Action if there are concerns


The following action should be taken if there are concerns 


Poor Practice


  • If, following consideration, the allegation is clearly about poor practice, the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer will deal with it as a misconduct issue, along with the Section Head to which it relates.

  • If the allegation is about poor practice by a Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer at the club, or if the matter has been handled inadequately and concerns remain, it should be reported to the Manchester Maccabi Chair, who will decide how to deal with the allegation and whether or not to initiate disciplinary proceedings.



Suspected Abuse


  • Any suspicion that a child has been abused by either a member of staff or a volunteer should be reported to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer, who will take such steps as considered necessary to ensure the safety of the child in question and any other child who may be at risk.

  • The Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer will refer the allegation to the social services department who may involve the police.

  • The parents or carers of the child will be contacted as soon as possible following advice from the social services department.

  • If the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer is the subject of the suspicion/allegation, the report must be made to the Manchester Maccabi Chair in the first instance.



Confidentiality


Every effort should be made to ensure that confidentiality is maintained for all concerned.


Information should be handled and disseminated on a need to know basis only. This includes the following people:


  • Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer

  • Manchester Maccabi Chair

  • Maccabi GB’s Designated Safeguarding Lead 

  • The parents of the person who is alleged to have been abused.

  • The person making the allegation.

  • Social services/police.

  • The Governing Body of Sports Regional Development Manager and Designated Safeguarding Lead.

  • The alleged abuser (and parents if the alleged abuser is a child).* *Seek social services advice on who should approach alleged abuser.


Information should be stored in a secure place with limited access to designated people, in line with data protection laws (e.g. that information is accurate, regularly updated, relevant and secure).


Internal Enquiries and Suspension


  • The Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer together with the Manchester Maccabi Chair will make a decision about whether any individual accused of abuse should be temporarily suspended pending further police and social services inquiries.

  • Irrespective of the findings of the social services or police inquiries Manchester Maccabi will assess all individual cases to decide whether a member of staff or volunteer can be reinstated and how this can be sensitively handled. The welfare of children should always remain paramount.



Support to Deal with the Aftermath


  • Consideration should be given about what support may be appropriate to children, parents and members of staff. Use of helplines, support groups and open meetings will maintain an open culture and help the healing process. The British Association of Counselling Directory may be a useful resource.

  • Consideration should be given about what support may be appropriate to the alleged perpetrator of the abuse.



Allegations of Previous Abuse


Allegations of abuse may be made some time after the event (e.g. by an adult who was abused as a child or by a member of staff who is still currently working with children). Where such an allegation is made, the club should follow the procedures as detailed above and report the matter to the social services or the police. This is because other children, either within or outside sport, may be at risk from this person. Anyone who has a previous criminal conviction for offences related to abuse is automatically excluded from working with children. This is reinforced by the details of the Protection of Children Act 1999.


If you do not know who to turn for advice or are worried about sharing your concerns with a senior colleague, you should contact the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer and/or Social Services direct on the contact details above.  


What to do if there are concerns

Responding to suspicion or an allegation of abuse

It is particularly important to respond appropriately.  If a young person says or indicates that they are being abused, you should:

  • Stay calm so as not to frighten the young person

  • Reassure the child that they are not to blame and that it was right to tell

  • Listen to the child, showing that you are taking them seriously

  • Keep questions to a minimum so that there is a clear and accurate understanding of what has been said.  The law is very strict and child abuse cases have been dismissed where it is felt that the child has been led or words and ideas have been suggested during questioning.  Only ask questions to clarify

  • Inform the child that you have to inform other people about what they have told you.  Tell the child this is to help stop the abuse continuing

  • Safety of the child is paramount.  If the child needs urgent medical attention, call an ambulance, inform the doctors of the concern and ensure they are made aware that this is a Child Protection issue.

  • Record all information

  • Report the incident to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer


Information passed to the social services or the police must be as helpful as possible, hence the necessity for making a detailed record as soon as possible after the disclosure/concern.


  • Information should include the following:

  • Name of child.

  • Age of child and date of birth.

  • Home address and telephone number.

  • Is the person making the report expressing their own concerns or those of someone else?

  • What is the nature of the allegation? Include dates, times, any special factors and other relevant information.

  • Make a clear distinction between what is fact, opinion or hearsay.

  • A description of any visible bruising or other injuries. Behavioural signs indirect signs? 

  • Witnesses to the incidents.

  • The child’s account, if it can be given, of what has happened and how any bruising or other injuries occurred.

  • Have the parents been contacted? If so what has been said?

  • Has anyone else been consulted? If so record details.

  • If it is not the child making the report has the child concerned been spoken to? If so what was said?

  • Has anyone been alleged to be the abuser? Record details. 


Reporting the matter to the police or social services department should not be delayed by attempts to obtain more information. Wherever possible, referrals telephoned to the social services department should be confirmed in writing within 24 hours. A record should also be made of the name and designation of the social services member of staff or police officer to whom the concerns were passed, together with the time and date of the call, in case any follow-up is needed.



Pre-recruitment Checks


The following pre-recruitment checks should always be carried out:


Advertising


If any form of advertising is used to recruit staff, whether paid or voluntary, it should reflect the:


  • Aims of the club, group or organisation and where appropriate, the particular programme involved

  • Responsibilities of the role

  • Level of experience or qualifications required (e.g. experience of working with vulnerable adults is an advantage)


Pre-Application Information


Pre-application information sent to interested or potential applicants should contain:


  • Job description including roles and responsibilities 

  • Person specification (e.g. stating qualifications or experience required)



Applications


All applicants for paid positions should provide the following information:


  • Name, address and National Insurance Number (to confirm identity and right to work).

  • Relevant experience, qualifications and training undertaken.

  • Listing of past career or involvement in sport or youth work (to confirm experience and identify any gaps).



Checks and References


Once an applicant has been successful, they will need to complete the relevant DBS check (Basic, Standard or Enhanced) before they can commence work, be it paid or voluntary. Subsequent requests for DBS checks will be made every 3 years. If an applicant has no experience of working with vulnerable adults, training is strongly recommended.


Section Heads (or those responsible people within them) should upon request, provide the parent body, being the Board (or whatever group is running the club at that time) with an updated list of all individuals, whether paid or unpaid, together with an up to date DBS check.


In the event of an issue being presented after a DBS check, the Board will make the ultimate decision as to the ongoing involvement of that individual in their formal role at the club, regardless of whether an outside agent or National Association sanctions ongoing participation in the individual’s particular activity.


Enhanced DBS checks are required for positions involving certain activities such as teaching children or treating adults and can also be obtained for certain other professions.  


In addition to the information provided on a Standard certificate (details of any convictions, cautions, reprimands and warnings the applicant has received, that do not qualify for filtering) the Enhanced certificate involves an additional check with the police, who check if any other information is held on file that may be relevant (for instance, information that has not led to a criminal conviction but may indicate a danger to vulnerable groups). The police decide what (if any) additional information will be added to the certificate using the Quality Assurance Framework.


The Maccabi GB Contract and Company Handbook state that failure to disclose information or subsequent failure to conform to the Code of Ethics and Conduct will result in disciplinary action and possible exclusion from Maccabi GB/affiliate organisation. 



Interview and Induction


It may or may not be appropriate to conduct a formal interview. If it is, it should be carried out according to acceptable protocol and recommendations.


All staff, paid or voluntary, will undergo a formal or informal induction in which:


  • The expectations, roles and responsibilities of the job are clarified.


  • Safeguarding procedures are explained and any training needs established. 



Training


Checks are only part of the process to protect children and vulnerable adults from possible abuse. Appropriate training will enable individuals to recognise their responsibilities with regard to their own good practice and the reporting of suspected poor practice/concerns of possible abuse. All staff, paid or voluntary, with access to vulnerable adults or children must be up to date, or receive First Aid and Safeguarding training. 



Appendix 1

How to respond if you are concerned - Immediate Action

           

  • Act on any concerns – Tell the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer

  • Make sure the person is not in immediate danger and take any necessary action – e.g. dial 999.

  • Listen carefully and try not to show shock or disbelief

  • Remain calm and non-judgemental.

  • Record the words the person uses.

  • Assure the person that their complaint or allegation will be taken seriously and clarify the bare facts.  Summarise your note and repeat it to the person; avoid detailed questioning.

  • Record any bruising or injury, if they are apparent.

  • Describe the size and colour of any bruising and the exact location on the body, along with the dates and time it has been observed.

  • Get consent – explain that you have a duty to report what you have been told, or witnessed, to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer.

  • Inform the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer immediately.  

  • Ensure that the person concerned is not left in an unsafe or distressed state.


   DO NOT:

  • Do not promise to keep complete confidentiality – you are legally obliged to pass this information to the Manchester Maccabi Welfare Officer.

  • Do not ask probing questions.

  • Do not be judgemental or jump to conclusions.

  • Do not rush the person.

  • Do not start any investigation; such as attempting to question the alleged perpetrator.

  • Do not throw away any interim notes that have been made.

  • Do not contaminate or disturb any evidence.




Appendix 2 

This policy and the procedures set out within, apply to all Sections associated with Manchester Maccabi (see below).

However, the Football Section hold their own Safeguarding Policy based on ‘FA’ regulations and the Netball Section hold their own Safeguarding Policy based on ‘England Netball’ regulations - these policies should be followed in the first instance.


Section Heads:


Football - Adi Kay

Rounders – Kathryn Levy

Netball – Diane Durban

Table Tennis - Aubrey Huller/Stuart Landes

Krav Maga - Colin Samuels


All Policies and Procedures are available to view at Manchester Maccabi Reception.